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When and How a Dog Wheelchair Can Help a Tripawd

All Tripawds deserve a pain-free, happy life, but when a Tripawd parent attempts to build a homemade doggie wheelchair, we get nervous. That’s because after talking to canine rehabilitation experts and professional dog cart designers, we have learned that do-it-yourself homemade dog carts can actually cause more harm than good by putting a dog at risk of further injury.

Since we aren’t dog rehabilitation experts, we wanted to learn when and how to properly utilize a wheel chair for a three legged dog. We spoke with two of the world’s leading experts in dog wheelchair design and usage, Amy Kramer PT, DPT, CCRT, of California Animal Rehabilitation Center, and Leslie Grinnell, President of Eddie’s Wheels from Shelburne Falls, Massachusetts.

Denali in Dog Wheelchair

Is it Time for a Dog Wheel Chair?

The loss of a limb presents different challenges for a dog than a human, Kramer tell us. The advantage to being a canine amputee is that a dog has three legs to distribute its weight over, instead of just one remaining leg that humans have.

Despite a Tripawd’s adaptability, a three-legged dog can often benefit from immediate use of a wheel chair, especially if the dog already has per-existing physical ailments like arthritis, she explains.

Grinnell adds that using a wheelchair on the longest walk of the day may decrease the damage to the spinal cord, elbows, carpus and rear legs, which are common age-related issues for front and rear Tripawds. “Think of the wheelchair as preventive medicine against the wear and tear of being three-legged,” she explains.


According to Kramer, Tripawd parents should always keep an eye out for signs that their dog may need a cart. For example:

  • If your dog cannot walk comfortably without rest for more than 30 feet, you may want to talk to a qualified veterinary rehabilitation therapist.
  • If after an extensive pain management, rehabilitation and acupuncture treatment regimen your dog is still showing signs of pain, a cart might be the ticket to new found freedom and mobility.

And if you do obtain a cart, don’t worry about your three-legged hero becoming too dependent on it to get around. “A cart is not ever detrimental to the patient’s health and fitness,” says Kramer. However, she reiterates that it “should only be needed if they are showing other signs of difficulty with gait.”

How to Choose and Buy a Dog Wheel Chair

To the untrained eye, all dog wheel chairs might seem alike, but it’s critical to know the differences between a custom well-built cart that lasts a lifetime and a cheap mass-produced knock-off.

According to Grinnell, the biggest difference between her company’s dog wheelchairs and the lower-priced models built in China, is that Eddie’s Wheels takes every dog’s physical situation into consideration before building the customized cart in their Shelburne Falls factory. The first question Grinnell’s staff asks a potential customer is, ‘Tell us about your dog.’

“We know that this dog is pretty special if someone is looking into the cart option, so we take down the dog’s story and how it became disabled. We ask questions like ‘how long has he been coping with a disability?’ because a dog who has been three-legged for 10 years is going to have other issues besides just missing a limb. Usually the carpus has collapsed or the elbows are worn out, or there may be lumbar spine issues or ACL problems in the rear legs. So we want a complete picture of the dog’s anatomical and medical challenges. We often ask for a side view and overhead view photo. Many tripods develop a spinal curvature that we will take into account if necessary,” she says.


As a pet parent with two bi-pawd dogs at home (Willa, Webster and Sweet Pea, as seen above), Grinnell’s company has firsthand experience with the issues that physically challenged dogs face. “We think of our dogs as our research and development team. We really do test our products on animals!” she says.

Unlike prefabricated, low cost wheel chairs for dogs, Grinnell says that an Eddie’s Wheels cart will always have customized features. “For amputees, we calculate the weight of the missing rear leg and install a counterweight on the side of the amputation to keep the cart balanced and minimize the danger of tipping over,” says Grinnell. The company can also “splay the frame wider to allow for the wide stance many tripods develop, and make the saddle accommodate the enlarged musculature we see on some three-legged dogs.”

Finally, Grinnell says that Eddie’s Wheels also makes the only front wheel cart for front leg amputees, which enables these dogs to sniff, run and sit in their wheels while preventing the “bunny hop” walk that leads to stiffness later in life.


When Affordability is an Issue

The benefits of a custom-built dog wheel chair are obvious, but oftentimes affordability is a big issue. A custom Eddie’s Wheel cart can cost anywhere from $325.00 to $650.00 depending on factors such as the size of the dog, the type of wheels needed to match their exercise terrain and many other custom design features. Although wheel chairs are covered in some pet insurance policies like VPI and Pets Best, this expense is often a barrier for financially-distressed pet parents. For these customers, Grinnell says that getting creative is often the path to obtaining one.

“We have found that many people are very successful in making online fundraisers and even within their communities many people will contribute to help a handicapped dog get the help they need. We’ve encouraged people to work with their local pet store to do fundraisers for carts by providing brochures, posters etc.”

These organizations in our Tripawds Financial Resources Document might also be able to help.

“We also have a stock of donated used carts and if one fits, we are happy to sell it at a reduced price, refurbishing and customizing for a new dog,” says Grinnell.

Know Your Tripawd’s Limitations

As Tripawd parents already know, dogs adapt much better to challenging circumstances than humans do. For most Tripawds it only takes about a week to learn how to use a properly fitted and professionally built dog wheelchair after fine-tuning is made through the help of Eddie’s Wheels staff and their instructional videos. When a Tripawd is allowed to use his new wheel chair after taking a long, tiring walk without one, the dog will often instinctively understand that the supporting wheels provide respite and relief.

But regardless of whether or not a Tripawd is ready for a wheel chair, says Kramer, “All amputee pet owners should understand their pet’s limitations due to being an amputee, as well as have a home exercise and stretching program designed for their pet.”

She adds that as a Tripawd ages, pet parents need to be on the lookout for signs that might indicate there is an issue in one of the dog’s remaining limbs.

To learn how to spot potential ailments that could affect your Tripawd, find see a certified canine rehabilitation practitioner near you.

Please note that Tripawds has no affiliation with any dog wheelchair manufacturer, nor do we have personal experience using a wheelchair for either Tripawds Founder Spirit Jerry or Tripawds Spokespup Wyatt Ray.

If you have experience using a wheelchair for your dog, please provide feedback with a comment below. Or post any questions in the Hopping Around Discussion Forum.

Recommended Reading:

Tripawds News Blog: California Animal Rehabilitation Tips and Videos for Tripawds
Tripawds Downloads Blog: Financial Resources for Tripawd Pawrents


21 thoughts on “When and How a Dog Wheelchair Can Help a Tripawd”

  1. Tikka had a back leg remove in December 2018. She has done well but we knew the other lag was arthritic and has become much worse. She had trouble walking at all yesterday. Now feel like we need to investigate when carts and don’t even know where to start. I have read what is here but the posts are older. Any new information out there?

    • The #1 thing you can do for Tikka is consult with a certified canine rehab therapist for proper evaluation, therapy recommendations, and proper selection and fitting if it is determined the time has come for wheels. Visit a CCRT or CCRP and the Tripawds Foundation can even pay for your first visit! Self-prescribing a wheelchair or improper fit can do more harm than good. And yes, there are many more recent articles, videos and podcast interviews about wheelchairs for Tripawds here.

  2. Our poodle Sweetie is a rescue and had her back leg removed due to an injury. Have no idea what happrned just that it was crushed so we knew it had to go when adopting. We’ve only had her a year but have started looking into a cart from Eddie’s Wheels.

    If her remaining back leg goes because of a blown ACL then surgery is $4000. But a cart for her size is $325. Seems like a bargain to me and good preventative maintenance to help that back leg. Talked with Eddie’s Wherls yesterday and they are so nice and helpful. We are very excited to be able to take Sweetie on longer outings with a cart.

  3. We rescued a tripawed dog at 6 or 7 months old. She is a chahihuahua minpin mix. She was abused and had to have her rear right leg amputated at 6 weeks old. She has always gotten around well. She is now a year and a half and now has to have knee surgery, sometimes she can’t walk at all, but the surgery isn’t for another week and a half. (We live in a very rural area and have very limited choices.) The vet said she has to be completely off her leg for 2 weeks. I’m just wondering how we are going to do that. She is a very energetic dog and he said it will not be completely healed for 8 weeks. Is there any advice on how to curtel her from trying to get around too soon? Her name is Mercy Grace and very loved by all of us but especially my daughter Kari, but I will be the one at home to care for her since my daughter is in school. Any suggestions or help will very much be appreciated. Thank you so much.

    • Hi Denise. Thanks for giving Mercy Grace such a great home, she’s so lucky to have you. It’s not the first time something like this has happened, quite a few members have been through similar recoveries that required such restricted activity. These Discussion Forum search results will be helpful for you. Do consider posting in the Forums where you can get lots of input from our community OK? Best wishes for a speedy and easy recovery!

  4. Milo is a 5 year old almost-standard poodle who lost his front leg at 5 months of age. All his life he has been extremely energetic and acrobatic (that’s what got him into trouble in the first place!) but over the last year he has started to get pain. Vet says his remaining front leg is like no other she’s seen – stiff, thick and arthritic. Acupuncture helps for a week or so, so do anti-inflammatories, and I have a pram for him… but I’ve put my back out pushing it. I have always told him “no wheels” but now I can see that I can’t have him euthanised when the pain gets too much… Not sure how I thought that in the first place, but I can see now that he is a wild, vibrant dog and he’s in pain, and he’s my best mate.
    My question is about wheels. I am worried that I will be forcing them on him, that if I strap him into front wheels he will have no choice but to run around with the wheels and he might not like them. Or that they will be dangerous if he tries to do circuits with another dog at the park. I don’t want to buy them, ship them to Australia and discover they aren’t right for him. Can you advise me please?

  5. I have a medium sized dog with a front leg paw unable to use. She is about 12 yrs old and starting to have trouble walking. She has all four legs but one front leg is paralyzed. Is there a cart that would support her left side and allow her to ease the load of her body to walk???

    • Thanks for asking Nanette. We recommend consulting with a certified rehab vet. You might also talk to Orthopets to see if a brace will help, they do wonderful work. Any of the wheelchair/cart manufacturers we mention in this post should also be able to better address your concerns.

  6. Ryder is almost 1 week out of surgery… we had a rough day yesterday, but every hour I’m seeing improvements in his recovery. He’ll get his staples out at the 2 week mark (June 4th)… so I’m beginning to research how to support his long term recovery, and figure out what types of exercises and strengthening options would be a good fit for him. Before his surgery, he weighed 90.3 lbs (10 yr old lab/rottie mix), front left leg amputation… but we haven’t weighed him after surgery yet. Let me know if anyone has any suggestions on large dog breed core strengthening exercises. Thanks, Kristen

    • Hi Kristen. Yep, recovery is full of ups and downs but just keep track of the positive advances and pretty soon it’ll be behind you! I’m glad to hear Ryder is doing better each day. Core strengthening exercises are essentially the same for all types of dogs, and you can find lots of them in our Tripawds Gear Blog Fitness page (also search for “strengthen” and “core” in the blog itself), as well as by checking out our CARE videos from canine rehab experts. I hope this helps!

  7. Hiya Tripawd Dogs!
    Congratulations on making it to the finals of the BlogPaws contest! We just wanted to say hello! You’ve got a wonderful and inspiring blog! We are finalists too and are honored to be in such good company.
    : )

    Katie & Glogirly from
    GLOGIRLY-Tails Of A Cat And Her Girl

    • Thank you Katie & Glogirly, that is so sweet of you! I love your super cool blog too. Good luck in the contest. Can’t wait to meet you at Blog Paws 🙂

  8. We have a dog that is about to be a two-legged boy, both hind legs will be removed on the 27th of March. Cinders is already enjoying a cart and can really move out with it. He is a shelter dog waiting for a new home. After his surgery, I will hopefully post a video of him. His legs need removing because they are frozen and when he scoots around on his rump it twists his spine too much and is starting to cause him pain. I just wish he could lie down with the cart on. The cart is what saved him from possibly being put down plus a vet and tech that really believe in him.


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