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The Thorny Story of a Dog Toe Amputation

A dog toe amputation is just as scary as losing a leg, tail or eye. So when we learned that amputation recovery games expert Kix the Border Collie had to undergo a toe amputation because of a cactus needle infection, we wanted to share her experience with the community.

Border Collie Kix
Kix teaches that a cactus fungus can cause a dog toe amputation!

Here is her true story of a dog toe amputation, as told by Kix’s mom, Albuquerque dog trainer Steffi Trott of Spirit Dog Training.

The story of an unusual dog toe amputation

My dog Kix is a 5 year old Border Collie. She has been my constant shadow ever since she came to me as a 10 week old puppy. We do everything together – hiking, agility, and since I am a dog trainer, she also gets to tag along to work with me. She is the typical high-drive Border Collie: no fear, no pain, no quits!

Border Collie dog toe amputation story
Kix the Border Collie

One day in the beginning of December we went on our morning walk. Kix’s gait was just a little bit off. This happens every now and then – she can be really wild in agility training and daily life and I thought she probably just has a minor muscle strain. I took her home and planned to give her a week of rest.

By the afternoon of that day she had gotten considerably worse. Her outer toe on the right hind leg was swollen to about 3x the size of a normal toe and she was non-weight-bearing. I took her to the urgent care vet.

What is that weird swelling on her foot?

They x-rayed her there and told me she had a subluxation of the toe. This seemed odd as there was no apparent trauma and the injury had gotten worse during the day of rest at home. We were sent home with painkillers and antibiotics in case there was an infection.

cactus needle dog toe infection
What would happen to Kix’s agility career?

48 hours later her toe was just as swollen and painful and now started to ooze. There was blood coming out the nail as well as clear liquid on the side of the toe. The hair had started to fall out. I took her back to a different vet who x-rayed her again and said there was no evidence of subluxation or any other injury. She thought it was a bacterial infection and gave us different antibiotics.

Kix declined fast. She seemed in so much pain. She went from being an off-the-walls Border Collie to not even lifting her head when someone came through the door. I was supposed to soak her foot in epsom salts several times a day. She would be shaking every time I did it. It broke my heart and I just did not know how to help her.

Did Kix Have a Weird Bone Cancer?

Seven days after the first onset of limping we visited a big specialty clinic. Because of Covid, we could not go in – in fact, she had to go to all of these appointments by herself so far! The specialty clinic ran a lot of tests and she was in there for 8 hours by herself, while I waited in the parking lot. It was a hard day for both of us.

dog recovers from cactus thorn infection
Did Kix have a weird form of bone cancer?

They lanced, cleaned and bandaged the toe. They also sent x-rays to an orthopedic surgeon. He saw something horrible on them: bony lysis (bone destruction). This is often associated with cancer or could be the sign of a very bad infection. Either way, poor Kix had another hard step to take: The vets recommended an amputation of the toe.

My world was crashing down – within 10 days my sweet Kix had gone from a highly active hiking companion, wonderful teammate, best friend and skilled agility dog to a dog crippled by pain, scheduled for an amputation and with possible invasive cancer. I was incredibly worried about the implications of the bone destruction in her toe – if it was indeed cancer, she might not be with us much longer, a horrible thought for such a young dog!

Can Dogs Walk After a Toe Amputation?

Again, Covid made this difficult – it was hard to find a surgery appointment with a short wait. Some of the clinics only had openings a month out. At this point Kix was on an incredible amount of painkillers, her oozing and red toe had no hair left and looked like a foreign appendage. I called clinics in all surrounding states – Colorado, Texas, Arizona – and eventually we could schedule her within 2 days at a fellow agility competitor’s clinic 3.5hrs from us.

dog toe amputation recovery room
Steffi created a safe recovery space for Kix.

It was hard to let her go into the surgery. I kept wondering if I was making a wrong decision? Was this rushed? Was I really dropping off my dog who just 10 days ago was 100% fine, to have an amputation?

I felt a strange sense of guilt, knowing that she didn’t understand the reasoning behind the choice. In her mind I was dropping her off at yet another strange place, with people she didn’t know that touched her throbbing foot. My poor sweet Kix.

The Angry Toe is Gone, Let Her Toe Amputation Recovery Begin!

After the dog toe amputation surgery she was very, very tired (as was I – it was a long day of many hours of driving and waiting). Our bedroom is on the second floor, so I set up a bed for us on the living room floor. Kix slept great – she pretty much just slept for the first 48 hours – while I was lying awake checking if she was still breathing.

After the first days she improved rapidly. She seemed in a lot less pain pretty much right away. I knew we made the right decision to let go of that angry toe.

We had a lot of snowfall, ice and mud and this made taking her out to potty rather tricky. The foot was double bagged and I spent a considerable amount of time every day taping and untaping plastic covers to her poor leg.

The Diagnosis, Finally: a Cactus Fungus Infection!

While I was enjoying watching her feel better, a nagging doubt remained in my head: What was going to be the outcome of the analysis of that toe? It had been sent into the University of Texas. Was this just the beginning of a painful road of cancer treatment?

About 5 days after her surgery the vet called me with the best news ever. No cancer! Kix had in fact had an incredibly unlikely freak accident. The lab found plant material in her foot and fungus. Apparently a cactus spike had carried the fungus into her toe, where it had spread – untouched by the many antibiotics – and destroyed the bone. The bone damage was so profound that we could not have saved it even if the vets had given her anti-fungal medicine. We made the right choice – and Kix was going to be ok.

The relief was incredible. It was probably the happiest single moment of my life. Knowing that I was going to have my sweet Kix for many more years, healthy, happy – just with one toe less – was the best feeling in the world.

Border Collie Rehab Therapy Time!

DIY dog recovery games
DIY dog recovery games keep her mind busy.

Her stitches were removed after 2 weeks and then we started her rehab. Throughout this process as well we had to improvise with Covid and the restrictions that came with it!

The toe that was removed was luckily the “best” toe to lose – as an outer toe it was non-weight-bearing and as a hind feet toe it was less crucial than a front foot one. Dogs use their outer toes mostly for turning.

As we learned from our rehab specialist, the main focus of the rehab was to teach Kix to use her muscles well so that she would not get compensation injuries from not having the stabilizing toe.

Losing the toe itself was not a big change for her – but she had to relearn how to move safely and efficiently. It was a big bonus that both her rehab vet and specialist trainer predicted she would be able to return to agility!

Learning Exercises for Strengthening After a Dog Toe Amputation

Thankfully, we have the internet and Zoom. Kix’s rehab specialist sends us a written rehab plan every week, and watches us perform it over the internet. Then we work on it for a week and get the next plan. Her condition has already improved so much – by the time the stitches were removed it has been 4 weeks since she had had any kind of exercise to speak of. In the beginning lessons this was clear – especially all the exercises for hind end strength were very difficult for her.

Some of the tasks she was given we would only do for a single repetition in the beginning as her form would get worse with every repetition past the first one. Now she can already do multiple reps and sets and she loves her rehab!

She has different exercises that all target different muscle groups and skills. Every day we do some walking, some trotting, side stepping, backing up, weight shifting and a lot of different stand-sit-down variations on varying types of fitness equipment. As a dog trainer myself, I learned a lot from the rehab specialist during our lessons that will be useful for me in my work both with my own and my clients’ dogs.

Getting Back to Life After a Scary Time

dog toe amputation recovery story
Kix is ready to begin agility!

This week Kix had a final surgery – while waking up from the dog toe amputation she must have chattered her teeth, because she fractures an upper canine. She went under again to have that removed. Now she is ready to not see any vet office from the inside for a long time! With as much bad luck as she had, we should be in for many years of great luck!

One little mean cactus spike sure brought us a lot of pain (for Kix) and tears (for me) – but now we are ready to go back to enjoying life together, with one toe and one tooth less!

Steffi Trott is the founder of SpiritDog Training, an online dog training resource. She lives with her four dogs (2 Border Collies, 1 Chinese Crested and 1 Golden Retriever puppy) in the Sandia mountains in New Mexico.
She offers a range of online classes ranging from beginning obedience over tricks and games to fixes for behavioral issues such as reactivity. Find everything about her program at
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19 thoughts on “The Thorny Story of a Dog Toe Amputation”

  1. We are purchasing a Labrador puppy, who, when born, had 2 toes on one of her back legs nipped by her mother when she was cleaning the membranes from her immediately after birth. (Not an attack by the mother, simply an accident when the pup moved as she was being cleaned). The surgeon couldn’t save the two tiny toe tips (basically the end bits – the phalanges), so she is missing the pads from those 2 toes and a bit of each toe. We have been told there shouldn’t be any future issues, but it reassuring to hear of so many dogs who have coped without toes. Our worry is whether, as she grows, she will put down her increasing weight more on her stumpy toes which have no pads on.

  2. My 2 yr old GSD has been diagnosed with pythium. We have been on pain meds, anifungal,antibiotcs,steroids and a liquid fungicide with no luck. The dermatologist wants to amputate her whole leg. I asked if we can just amputate the two toes that are infected and she said no. I need another opinion on this. I’d like to save her leg.

    • Allyson, I’m so sorry about your pup. Yes, get another opinion! Go with your gut feeling, find an expert at a vet teaching hospital and see what they think. And if amputation is necessary, ask if amputating the entire leg is necessary. A partial leg amp could make all the difference if your dog is a candidate, and that way could use a prosthetic if you are willing to invest the time and money into a device. Please keep us posted in the discussion forums. Good luck!

  3. Hi! My dog also had a toe amputated. It has been over 6 months now. He is mostly doing great:)
    The only issue I am finding is that he seems to hurt that foot more than normal now. When I say hurt I mean he will randomly start limping. I think it is that much easier for him to get things stuck, poke him in that big open space? Has anyone used a booty or anything like that ?

    • Hi Lynn. That’s an interesting observation and makes total sense about it being a more sensitive spot. I’m hoping someone can chime in with their experience. A dog boot should help, but will take training and it’s not a 24/7 kind of thing. But if your pup is good about letting you touch his feet, it could be the answer.

  4. I’m so glad I found this! My 2 year old whippet dislocated the inner toe of his left front leg 2 months ago while running in a field. The toes snapped back into place with the lightest touch, so I thought we were okay. Then it dislocated just walking outside to potty a few hours later…. and then again the next day, and the next. Even though he is the MOST sedate dog ever and lay around most of the time. We saw a specialist and opted to treat with a fiberglass cast, in hopes scar tissue would form and adhere the joints together. We were advised the next step was amputation if it dislocated again. It’s been 8 weeks since the injury, 6 weeks since the cast was put on, and 2 weeks since the cast was removed. Today for the first time he was allowed off leash in a very small fenced area, and he began to play with his sister. And POP. it dislocated again!! He will be having the toe surgically removed. I read from several sources that recovery takes 3 weeks, and is not as intense as one would think. Reading this story was both encouraging and discouraging… the thought of lengthy rehab scares me! This is a WHIPPET… they LOVE to run. It’s already been 2 months since he was permitted to run free. I sure hope he is able to return to it soon 🙁 He’s my absolute baby, and it just breaks my heart to see him in pain.

    • Hollie, we are so sorry this happened! Sounds like your pup has a great medical team on his side, and you are a pawesome advocate. We are so glad this article helped you feel better. Rest assured, your boy will be running circles again in no time at all! Best wishes to you both.

  5. So glad to have found this story. And for others who might be wondering what to do. My 15 year old Cavalier King Charles Spaniel just (Yesterday) had his toe amputated because of a cancerous tumor. I discovered it Friday of last week when I saw he had torn off his outer front right nail. I thought that was all it was, a torn-off nail. (It looked dreadful) Turns out it was cancer and needed immediate amputation.

    The surgery went well and it was removed with clear margins. He is having difficulty walking but I am sure that is to be expected. He tolerated the anesthesia well and I hope to have him with me for several more years.

  6. Hi I stumbled across this story because today my 11 year old rescue boy Sampson had a toe amputated and I was looking for info on recovery. He had a big growth on the bottom of his paw. There wouldn’t have been enough skin to close the wound after removing the lump so they took the whole toe. I was also terrified of the anaesthesia, but thankfully he tolerated it well. Now the wait for the lab results on the growth. To top it off he also had surgery on his gums and tooth removal for gingival hyperplasia at the same time.
    He was in terrible pain and a state of confusion when he first came home, but has eaten now. It was an outer toe on a front leg and he is barely able to walk, but did make it outside to the toilet with a little help.
    I’m comforted to hear that Kix seemed to bounce back quickly as watching him struggle is tearing my heart out.

    • Glad you found us Tamara, sorry you had to. Best wishes to you and Sampson for a speedy, uneventful recovery. If you’d like to post in our forums for support, please feel free. (((hugs))))

  7. I have a similar problem my Cavoodle Scarlett is getting her middle toe amputated next week as the Vet suspects bone cancer, Scarlett has been limping for 6 months and we went through a similar adventure as your dog with diagnosis. Scarlett is 9 years old and has a heart murmer condition so I just hope she survives the operation. It was good to see how you set up the bed to help your dog recover. I just want to see Scarlett running around again happy and not in pain. Thank you for your story.

    • Hi Bernadette. I’m sorry to hear about Scarlett. As you can see, dogs can do great with a toe or a leg missing! She will amaze you. I do want to say that it seems odd that bone cancer would show up in a toe. Was a biopsy taken? I can’t recall ever hearing about a bone cancer showing up this way. If you haven’t already I strongly suggest speaking with a vet oncologist before doing the procedure, just to be sure that everyone knows what this is. Hopefully it is only a toe that needs to be removed (or maybe nothing at all!). But better to double check if you haven’t. Feel free to keep us posted in the Discussion Forums!

  8. Thanks for sharing yours and Kix’s story.

    Our 9 year old German Shepherd broke a toe nail 6 weeks ago and it just wasn’t getting better and got infected. He was at the vet again last week and they found a tumor on the bottom of the nail/toe. It has not reduced in size after a high dose antibiotic shot so it’s very likely he’ll need to have the toe amputated. Glad to hear she’s recovering.

    • Laura, we are glad you found Kix’s story. As you can see, dogs handle any kind of amputation so much better than humans! Best wishes to you and your GSD!

  9. Thank you for sharing this story. I am struggling with this decision. Two rounds of antibiotics have not helped and my vet suggested amputation. The reason I am hesitant is my dog is 16 and I’m so scared he won’t recover from the surgery. At the same time I can’t stand to see him suffering with this toe. He still eats, plays and goes for walks but I know it bothers him.

    • I just had my 11yr old Beagle Charlie’s front middle toe amputated. I too was afraid of the anesthesia for his age. It’s been 48 hrs and he’s hobbling around but I also pick him up and carry him outside to potty. He’s eating, drinking and doing much better than I expected. He goes in tomorrow for a bandage change and pathology report. I hope and pray no cancer. It was a hard decision, but he was suffering and I couldn’t put him through that any longer. Only you know what’s best for your fur baby!!


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