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16 October 2012
I found this article from the University of Missouri very interesting.
Veterinary oncologists at the University of Missouri have developed a vaccine treatment for osteosarcoma — a common type of bone cancer in dogs — which allows oncologists to avoid chemotherapy. It also shows promise for being used in human clinical trials.
By creating a vaccine from a dog’s own tumor, scientists at the University of Missouri have helped develop a patient-specific, “precision medicine” treatment for bone cancer in dogs. The scientists were able to target specific cancer cells and avoid the toxic side effects of chemotherapy.
Osteosarcoma, or bone cancer, is not common in humans, representing only about 800 to 900 new cases each year in the U.S. About half of those cases are reported in children and teens. However, this disease is much more common in dogs, with more than 10,000 cases a year occurring in the U.S.
“A vaccine is made out of the dog’s own tumor for the dog’s immune system to recognize,” said Jeffrey Bryan, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM-Oncology and professor of oncology at the MU College of Veterinary Medicine and director of Comparative Oncology Radiobiology and Epigenetics Laboratory. “Activated T cells are created from an apheresis procedure that collects lymphocytes from the dog’s bloodstream. These cells are essentially really angry at whatever they are supposed to attack. When put back into the body, they should identify and destroy tumor cells. Ideally, this immune response would destroy every last tumor cell.”
The dogs in the study — the researchers partnered with Elias Animal Health — received no chemotherapy and received only immunotherapy after their surgery. “It’s the first time that dogs with osteosarcoma have experienced prolonged survival without receiving chemotherapy, which is really exciting,” says Bryan. “Half of the dogs who received all aspects of the therapy are alive without disease well over a year and a half later. The average survival in dogs who receive amputation and chemotherapy [in a separate study by the National Cancer Institute] is nearly uniformly less than one year in published studies.”
The University of Missouri researchers hope to continue immunotherapy discovery with dogs in order to optimize the new therapy for future human clinical trials with the hopes of treating osteosarcoma and other cancers, especially metastatic osteosarcoma in children. They are currently continuing this work through another immunotherapy trial in progress with a grant by the Morris Animal Foundation through the National Cancer Institute Comparative Oncology Trials Consortium.
“This is promising,” says Bryan. “It harnesses the immune system to attack cancer. It does not use chemotherapy. Immunotherapy offers hope for cures, while this is rare in patients receiving chemotherapy. The process is now available commercially, and we will be following those dogs that receive ECI treatment to confirm the positive outcome.”
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I LOVE this news! We are so excited about it that we asked Dr. Bryan for an interview and he said yes! Watch our Tripawd Talk Radio channel and news blog for a future podcast with him.
Thanks for sharing Michelle!
18 May 2014
Does it say, do they still amputate, and then do the immunotherapy?
Nitro 11 1/2 yr old Doberman; right front amp June 2014. Had 6 doses carboplatin, followed by metronomic therapy. Rocked it on 3 legs for over 3 years! My Warrior beat cancer, but couldn't beat old age. He crossed the Bridge peacefully on July 25, 2017, with dignity and on his terms. Follow his blog entitled "Doberman's journey"
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Good catch, Eagle Eye Paula! I got so excited that I didn’t notice it doesn’t mention amputation anywhere, nor does the Mizzou press release.
I am going to “assume” that yes they did, since the article didn’t mention any other method to control the pain. But that is a GREAT question that I’m going to ask Dr. Bryan.